Research Areas

Research areas: ETHNOBIOLOGY AND NATURE CONSERVATION

 

Theme 1: Cognitive Systems and use of natural resources -  Study of the different forms of appropriation of natural resources from the characterization of socioecological systems to the application to the management, conservation and bioprospecting of socio-biodiversity. This line of research consists of not only the analysis, description and interpretation of classification and perception systems, but also of understanding the different models of transmission and variation of local ecological knowledge. In addition, one of the chief components of this line of research is the bioprospecting of natural resources (fungi, plants, animals) based on traditional knowledge, respecting all the legal aspects required in this type of research. Therefore, lecturers and professors with training in ethnobiology, or those with a traditional background interacting with the former, work in this line of research.

Theme 2:Ecological and evolutionary bases of relationships between people and nature - Applications of theories and models of ecological and evolutionary nature in the studies of the relations between people and nature, such as optimization theories and processes of domestication of plants and animals. This research line, differently from the first one, emphasizes ecology and evolution with modulating forces that can explain the relation of people with natural resources, involving studies of incipient domestication of native plants, agrobiodiversity, transformation of natural landscapes and evolution of knowledge systems.

Theme 3: Conservation and management of fauna and flora in tropical regions - Application of principles, theories and methods of population biology, population genetics and community structure for the management of tropical biodiversity. This line includes studies involving the characterization of biodiversity, threats to its conservation, with a predominantly focused approach to understand ecological processes, without losing sight of the human variable. These are not traditional studies of zoology, ecology and botany. They will provide all the theoretical and methodological tools for the professional to think on how to deliver answers to questions of conservationist interest. This line is the responsibility of the professors of the program with traditional training in botany, ecology or zoology.